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Department of Plant and Microbial Biology



  1. Banerjee, S, van der Heijden, MGA (2022) Soil microbiomes and one health. Nature Reviews Microbiology, 21, 6–20.


  1. Edlinger, A., Garland, G., Banerjee, S., Degrune, F., García-Palacios P., Hallin, S., Herzog, C., Jansa, J., Kost, E., Maestre, F., Sánchez Pescador D., Philippot, L., Rillig, M., Romdhane, S., Saghaï, A., Spor, A., Frossard, E., van der Heijden, M.G.A. (2022). Agricultural management and pesticide use reduce the phosphorus uptake capability of beneficial plant symbionts. Nature Ecology & Evolution 6 (8), 1145-1154.
  2. Liu, S., García-Palacios, P., Tedersoo, L., Guirado, E., van der Heijden, M.G.A., Wagg, C., Chen, D., Wang Q, Wang, J., Singh, B.K., Delgado-Baquerizo, M. (2022) Phylotype diversity within soil fungal functional groups drives ecosystem stability. Nature Ecology & Evolution 6: 900–909.
  3. Eisenhauer, N., Bender, S.F., Calderón‐Sanou, I., de Vries, F.T., Lembrechts, J.J., Thuiller, W., Wall, D.H., Zeiss, R., Bahram, M., Beugnon, R., Burton, V.J., Crowther, T.W., Delgado‐Baquerizo, M., Geisen, S., Kardol, P., Krashevska, V., Martínez‐Muñoz, C.A., Patoine, G., Seeber, J., Soudzilovskaia, N.A., Steinwandter, M., Sünnemann, M., Sun, X., van der Heijden, M.G.A., Guerra, C.A., Potapov, A., (2022) Frontiers in soil ecology—Insights from the World Biodiversity Forum 2022. Journal of Sustainable Agriculture and Environment 1 (4): 245-261.
  4. Walder, F., Schmid, M. W., Riedo, J., Valzano-Held, A. Y., Banerjee, S., Büchi, L., Bucheli, T.D. & van der Heijden, M.G.A (2022). Soil microbiome signatures are associated with pesticide residues in arable landscapes. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 174, 108830.
  5. Riedo, J., Herzog, C., Banerjee, S., Fenner, K., Walder, F., Van der Heijden, M. G., & Bucheli, T. D. (2022). Concerted Evaluation of Pesticides in Soils of Extensive Grassland Sites and Organic and Conventional Vegetable Fields Facilitates the Identification of Major Input Processes. Environmental Science & Technology, 56(19), 13686-13695.
  6. Salomon, M. J., Watts-Williams, S. J., McLaughlin, M. J., Bücking, H., Singh, B. K., Hutter, I., Schneider, C., Martin, F., Vosatka, M., Guo, LD., Ezawa, T., Saito M, Declerck S, Zhu, Yong-Guan., Bowles, T., Abbott, L.K., Smith, F.A., Cavagnaro, T.R., & van der Heijden, M. G. A. (2022). Establishing a quality management framework for commercial inoculants containing arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi. iScience 25 (7) , 104636
  7. Liu, Y, Duarte, GS, Sun, Q, Gilgen, AK, Wittwer, R, van der Heijden, MGA, Buchmann, N, Klaus V. (2022) Severe drought rather than cropping system determines litter decomposition in arable systems. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment 338, 108078.
  8. Romdhane, S., Spor, A., Banerjee, S., Breuil, M.C., Bru, D., Chabbi, A., Hallin, S., van der Heijden, M.G.A., Saghai, A., Philippot, L. (2022). Land-use intensification differentially affects bacterial, fungal and protist communities and decreases microbiome network complexity. Environmental microbiome 17 (1), 1-15
  9. Sun, Q., Klaus, V.H., Wittwer, R., Liu, Y., van der Heijden, M.G.A., Gilgen, A.K., Buchmann, N., (2022). Water uptake patterns of pea and barley responded to drought but not to cropping systems. Biogeosciences 19 (6), 1853-1869.
  10. Salomon, M. J., Demarmels, R., Watts-Williams, S. J., McLaughlin, M. J., Kafle, A., Ketelsen, C., Cavagnaro* & van der Heijden, M. G. A*. (2022). Global evaluation of commercial arbuscular mycorrhizal inoculants under greenhouse and field conditions. Applied Soil Ecology 169, 104225. *joint last author.
  11. Krauss, M., Wiesmeier, M., Don, A., Cuperus, F., Gattinger, A., Gruber, S., Haagsma, W.K., Peigné, J., Palazzoli, M.C., Schulz, F. and van der Heijden, M.G.A., Caboud, V.L., Wittwer, R.A., Zikeli, S., Steffens, M. (2022). Reduced tillage in organic farming affects soil organic carbon stocks in temperate Europe. Soil and Tillage Research, 216, p.105262.
  12. De Gruyter, J., Weedon, J.T., Elst, E.M., Geisen, S., van der Heijden, M.G.A., Verbruggen, E., (2022) Arbuscular mycorrhizal inoculation and plant response strongly shape bacterial and eukaryotic soil community trajectories. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 165, 108524.
  13. Büchi, L., Walder, F., Banerjee, S., Colombi, T., van der Heijden, M.G.A, Keller, T., Charles, R. and Six, J., (2022). Pedoclimatic factors and management determine soil organic carbon and aggregation in farmer fields at a regional scale. Geoderma, 409, p.115632.
  14. Krauss, M., Wiesmeier, M., Don, A., Cuperus, F., Gattinger, A., Gruber, S., Haagsma, W.K., Peigné, J., Palazzoli, M.C., Schulz, F. and van der Heijden, M.G.A., Vincent-Caboud, L., Wittwer R.A., Zikeli S., Steffens, M. (2022). Reduced tillage in organic farming affects soil organic carbon stocks in temperate Europe. Soil and Tillage Research 216, p.105262.
  15. Alguacil, M.D.M., Schlaeppi, K., López-García, Á., van der Heijden, M.G.A and Querejeta, J.I., (2022). Contrasting Responses of Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungal Families to Simulated Climate Warming and Drying in a Semiarid Shrubland. Microbial ecology 84, 941–944.


  1. Garland, G., Edlinger, A., Banerjee, S., Degrune, F., García-Palacios, P., Pescador, D.S., Herzog, C., Romdhane, S., Saghai, A., Spor, A., Wagg, C., Hallin, S., Maestre, F.T., Philippot, L., Rillig, M.C., van der Heijden, M.G.A. (2021) Crop cover is more important than crop rotational diversity for enhancing soil multifunctionality and cereal yields in European cropping systems. Nature Food 2, 28-37.
  2. Wittwer, R. A., Bender, S. F., Hartman, K., Hydbom, S., Lima, R. A., Loaiza, V., Nemecek, T., Oehl, F., Olsson, P.A., Petchey, O. and Prechsl, U.E., Schläppi, K., Scholten, T., Seitz, S., Six, J., & van Der Heijden, M.G.A. (2021). Organic and conservation agriculture promote ecosystem multifunctionality. Science Advances, 7(34), eabg6995.
  3. Riedo, J., Wettstein, F.E., Rösch, A., Herzog, C., Banerjee, S., Büchi, L., Charles, R., Wächter, D., Martin-Laurent, F., Bucheli, T.D., Walder, F., & van der Heijden, M.G.A (2021) Widespread Occurrence of Pesticides in Organically Managed Agricultural Soils—the Ghost of a Conventional Agricultural Past? Environmental Science & Technology 55, 5, 2919–2928.
  4. Saghaï, A., Banerjee, S., Degrune, F., Edlinger, A., García-Palacios, P., Garland, G., van der Heijden, M.G.A, Herzog, C., Maestre, F.T., Pescador, D.S. and Philippot, L., (2021). Diversity of archaea and niche preferences among putative ammonia-oxidizing Nitrososphaeria dominating across European arable soils. Environmental Microbiology 24 (1), 341-356.
  5. Banerjee, S., Zhao, C., Kirkby, C. A., Coggins, S., Zhao, S., Bissett, A., van der Heijden, M.G.A., Kirkegaard, J.A., & Richardson, A. E. (2021). Microbial interkingdom associations across soil depths reveal network connectivity and keystone taxa linked to soil fine-fraction carbon content. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, 320, 107559.
  6. Querejeta, J. I., Schlaeppi, K., López‐García, Á., Ondoño, S., Prieto, I., van der Heijden, M.G.A., & Alguacil, M. D. M. (2021). Lower relative abundance of ectomycorrhizal fungi under a warmer and drier climate is linked to enhanced soil organic matter decomposition. New Phytologist 232.3: 1399-1413.
  7. Säle, V., J. Palenzuela, C. Azcón-Aguilar, I. Sánchez-Castro, G. A. da Silva, B. Seitz, E. Sieverding, M. G. A. van der Heijden*, and F. Oehl*. (2021) Ancient lineages of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi provide little plant benefit. Mycorrhiza 31, 559-576.
  8. Yang, B., Banerjee, S., Herzog, C., Ramírez, A. C., Dahlin, P., & van der Heijden, M. G. (2021). Impact of land use type and organic farming on the abundance, diversity, community composition and functional properties of soil nematode communities in vegetable farming. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment 318: 107488.
  9. Cadot, S., Gfeller, V., Hu, L., Singh, N., Sanchez-Vallet, A., Glauser, G., Croll, D., Erb, M., van der Heijden, M.G.A., Schlaeppi, K. (2021). Soil composition and plant genotype determine benzoxazinoid-mediated plant-soil feedbacks in cereals. Microbiome 9, 103 (2021).
  10. Cosme, M., Fernández, I., Declerck, S., van der Heijden, M.G.A., & Pieterse, C. M. (2021). A coumarin exudation pathway mitigates arbuscular mycorrhizal incompatibility in Arabidopsis thaliana. Plant Molecular Biology 106, 319-334.
  11. Wagg, C., Hautier, Y., Pellkofer, S., Banerjee, S., Schmid, B., & van der Heijden, M. G. (2021). Diversity and asynchrony in soil microbial communities stabilizes ecosystem functioning. Elife 10, e62813.
  12. Romero, F., Cazzato, S., Walder, F., Vogelgsang, S., Bender, S. F., & van der Heijden, M.G.A. (2021). Humidity and high temperature are important for predicting fungal disease outbreaks worldwide. New Phytologist 234 (5), 1553-1556.
  13. Wei, X., Qiu, L., Zhang, Q., Zhu, H., Reich, P., Banerjee, S., van der Heijden, M.G.A., Sadowsky, M., Ishii, S., Jia, X., Shao, M., Liu, B., Jiao, H., Li, H., (2021). Erosion Reduces Soil Microbial Diversity, Network Complexity and Multifunctionality. ISME Journal 15(8), 2474-2489.
  14. Bodenhausen, N., Deslandes-Hérold, G., Waelchli, J. Held, A. van der Heijden, M.G.A., Schlaeppi, K. l. (2021). Relative qPCR to quantify colonization of plant roots by arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi. Mycorrhiza
  15. Hirte, J., Walder, F., Hess, J., Büchi, L., Colombi, T., van der Heijden, M.G.A., & Mayer, J. (2021). Enhanced root carbon allocation through organic farming is restricted to topsoils. Science of The Total Environment, 755, 143551.
  16. Garland, G., Banerjee, S., Edlinger, A., Oliveira, E., Herzog, C., Wittwer, R., Philippot, L., Maestre, F., van der Heijden, M.G.A. (2021) A closer look at the functions behind ecosystem multifunctionality: A review. Journal of Ecology 109 (2) 600-613.


  1. Tamburini, G., Bommarco, R., Wanger, T.C., Kremen, C., van der Heijden, M.G.A, Liebman, M., Hallin, S., 2020. Agricultural diversification promotes multiple ecosystem services without compromising yield. Science Advances 6(45) eaba1715.
  2. Jia, Y., van der Heijden, M.G.A., Wagg, C., Feng, G., Walder , F. (2020) Symbiotic soil fungi enhance resistance and resilience of an experimental grassland to drought and nitrogen deposition. Journal of Ecology 109 (9), 3171-3181.
  3. Zhang, J., van der Heijden, M.G.A., Zhang, F., & Bender, S. F. (2020). Soil biodiversity and crop diversification are vital components of healthy soils and agricultural sustainability. Frontiers of Agricultural Science and Engineering, 7(3), 236.
  4. Niggli, U., Altermatt, F., Finger, R., Lehmann, B., Schindler, M., Studer, B., van der Heijden, M & Waibel, P. (2020). Food for people and planet. Priority Themes for Swiss Sustainability Research, 15(5), 20-23.
  5. Wittwer, R.A., van der Heijden, M.G.A. (2020) Cover crops as a tool to reduce reliance on intensive tillage and nitrogen fertilization in conventional arable cropping systems. Field Crops Research 249, 107736


  1. Wagg, C., Schlaeppi, K., Banerjee, S., Kuramae, E. E., & van der Heijden, M. G.A. (2019). Fungal-bacterial diversity and microbiome complexity predict ecosystem functioning. Nature Communications 10(1), 1-10.
  2. Herzog, C., Honegger, A., Hegglin, D., Wittwer, R., de Ferron, A., Verbruggen, E., .Banerjee S. & van der Heijden, M. G.A (2019). Crop yield, weed cover and ecosystem multifunctionality are not affected by the duration of organic management. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, 284, 106596.
  3. Puerta, V. L., Six, J., Wittwer, R., van der Heijden, M., & Pereira, E. I. P. (2019). Comparable bacterial-mediated nitrogen supply and losses under organic reduced tillage and conventional intensive tillage. European journal of soil biology, 95, 103121.
  4. Reimer, M., Ringselle, B., Bergkvist, G., Westaway, S., Wittwer, R., Baresel, J. P., van der Heijden, M.G.A., Mangerud, K., Finckh, M.R., & Brandsæter, L. O. (2019). Interactive Effects of Subsidiary Crops and Weed Pressure in the Transition Period to Non-Inversion Tillage, A Case Study of Six Sites Across Northern and Central Europe. Agronomy, 9(9), 495.
  5. Büchi, L. Georges, F., Walder, F., Banerjee, S., Keller, T., Six, J., van der Heijden, M.G.A., Charles, R., (2019) Potential of indicators to unveil the hidden side of cropping system classification: Differences and similarities in cropping practices between conventional, no-till and organic systems. European Journal of Agronomy 109, 125920.
  6. Sendek, A., Karakoç, A., Wagg, C., Domínguez-Begines, J., Martucci do Couto, J., van der Heijden, M.G.A., Ahmad Naz, A., Lochner, A., Chatzinotas, A. Klotz, S.,  Gómez-Aparicio, L., Eisenhauer, N., (2019) Drought modulates interactions between arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal diversity and barley genotype diversity. Scientific Reports 9: 9650 (2019)
  7. Bodenhausen, N., Somerville, V., Desirò, A., Walser, J.C., Borghi, L., van der Heijden, M.G.A., Schlaeppi, K., (2019) Petunia-and Arabidopsis-Specific Root Microbiota Responses to Phosphate Supplementation. Phytobiomes Journal 3:112-12
  8. Fernandez Lopez, I., Cosme, M., Stringlis, I., Yu, K., de Jonge, R., Van Wees, S., Pozo, M., Pieterse, C., van der Heijden, M.G.A. (2019) Molecular dialogue between arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi and the non-host plant Arabidopsis thaliana switches from initial detection to antagonism. New Phytologist 223: 867-881.
  9. Banerjee, S., Walder, F., Büchi, L., Meyer, M., Held, A.Y., Gattinger, A, Keller, T., Charles, R.,  van der Heijden, M.G.A. (2019) Agricultural intensification reduces microbial network complexity and the abundance of keystone taxa in roots. ISME Journal 13: 1722-1736.
  10. Colombi T, Walder, F Marlies Sommer, Kexing Liu, Johan Six, van der Heijden M.G.A., Keller (2019). Organic carbon content in arable soil - aeration matters. Soil 5: 91-105.
  11. Rillig, M.C. , Aguilar-Trigueros, C.A., Camenzind, T., Cavagnaro, T.R., Degrune, F., Hohmann, P., Lammel, D.R., Mansour, I., Roy, J., van der Heijden, M.G.A., Yang, G.W. (2019) Why farmers should manage the arbuscular mycorrhizal symbiosis. New Phytologist 222: 1171-1175.
  12. Seitz, S., Goebes, P., Puerta, V. L., Pereira, E. I. P., Wittwer, R., Six, J., van der Heijden, M.G.A.* & Scholten, T.* (2019). Conservation tillage and organic farming reduce soil erosion. Agronomy for Sustainable Development, 39(1), 4. (* joint last author)
  13. Bender, S. F., Schlaeppi, K., Held, A., & van der Heijden, M.G.A. (2019). Establishment success and crop growth effects of an arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus inoculated into Swiss corn fields. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, 273, 13-24.
  14. Skinner, C., Gattinger, A., Krauss, M., Krause, H. M., Mayer, J., van der Heijden, M. G., & Mäder, P. (2019). The impact of long-term organic farming on soil-derived greenhouse gas emissions. Scientific reports, 9(1), 1-10.
  15. Banerjee, S., Schlaeppi, K., van der Heijden, M.G.A., (2019) Reply to ‘Can we predict microbial keystones? Nature Reviews Microbiology 1.


  1. Knapp S., van der Heijden, M.G.A., (2018) A global meta-analysis of yield stability in organic and conservation agriculture. Nature Communications 9 (1), 3632.
  2. Banerjee, S., Schlaeppi, K., van der Heijden, M.G.A., (2018) Keystone taxa in microbiology: roles, drivers and importance for microbiome functioning. Nature Reviews Microbiology 16: 567-576.
  3. Papp, R., Marinari, S., Moscatelli, M. C., van der Heijden, M. G. A., Wittwer, R., Campiglia, E., Radicetti, E., Mancinelli R., Fradgley, N., Pearce B., Bergkvist G., Finckh, M.R., (2018). Short-term changes in soil biochemical properties as affected by subsidiary crop cultivation in four European pedo-climatic zones. Soil and Tillage Research 180, 126-136.
  4. Radicetti, E., Baresel, J. P., El-Haddoury, E. J., Finckh, M. R., Mancinelli, R., Schmidt, J. Thami Alami, I, Udupa, S.M., van der Heijden, M.G.A., Wittwer, R., & Campiglia, E. (2018). Wheat performance with subclover living mulch in different agro-environmental conditions depends on crop management. European Journal of Agronomy: 94, 36-45.
  5. Cosme, M., Fernandez, I., van der Heijden, M.G.A., Pieterse, C.M.J., (2018) Non-mycorrhizal plants: the exceptions that prove the rule. Trends in Plant Science (published online).
  6. Hu, L., Robert, C., Cadot, S., Zhang, X., Ye, M.,  Li, B., Manzo, D., Chervet, N., Steinger, T., van der Heijden, M.G.A., Schlaeppi, K., Erb, M., (2018) Root exudate metabolites drive plant-soil feedbacks on growth and defense by shaping the rhizosphere microbiota. Nature Communications 9: 2738
  7. Hartman, K., van der Heijden, M.G.A., Wittwer; R.A., Banerjee, S., Walser J, Schlaeppi, K. (2018) Cropping practices manipulate abundance patterns of root and soil microbiome members paving the way to smart farming. Microbiome 6: 14.
  8. Loaiza Puertaa, V., Pujol Pereira, E.I., Wittwer, R., van der Heijden, M.G.A., Six, J. (2018) Improvement of soil structure through organic crop management, conservation tillage and grass-clover ley. Soil & Tillage Research 180: 1-9.
  9. Zhou, Y., Li, X., Gao, Y., Liu, H., Gao, Y. B., van der Heijden, M. G.A., & Ren, A. Z. (2018) Plant endophytes and arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi alter plant competition. Functional Ecology 32: 1168-117
  10. Mariotte P., Mehrabi, Z., Bezemer, T.M., De Deyn, G.B., Kulmatiski, A., Drigo, B., Veen C.F., van der Heijden, M.G.A., Kardol,  P., (2018) Plant-Soil Feedback: Bridging Natural and Agricultural Sciences. Trends in Ecology & Evolution 33: 129-142
  11. Wagg, C., Dudenhöffer, J.H., Widmer, F. & van der Heijden, M.G.A. (2018) Linking temporal diversity, stability and asynchrony of soil microbial communities. Functional Ecology 32: 1280-1292.
  12. Ramirez, K.S., Knight, C.G., de Hollander, M., Brearley, F.Q., Constantinides, B., Cotton, A., Creer, S., Crowther, T.W., Davison, J., Delgado-Baquerizo, M., Dorrepaal, E., Elliott, D.R., Fox, G., Griffiths, R.I., Hale, C., Hartman, K., Houlden, A., Jones, D.L., Krab, E.J., Maestre, F.T., McGuire, K.L., Monteux, S., Orr, C.H., van der Putten, W.H., Roberts, I.S., Robinson, D.A., Rocca, J.D., Rowntree, J., Schlaeppi, K., Shepherd, M., Singh, B.K., Straathof, A.L., Bhatnagar, J.M., Thion, C. van der Heijden, M.G.A., de Vries, F., (2018) Detecting macroecological patterns in bacterial communities across independent studies of global soils. Nature Microbiology 3 (2), 189 (doi:10.1038/s41564-017-0062-x)
  13. Schweizer, S. A., Seitz, B., Van Der Heijden, M. G., Schulin, R., & Tandy, S. (2018). Impact of organic and conventional farming systems on wheat grain uptake and soil bioavailability of zinc and cadmium. Science of the Total Environment, 639, 608-616.
  14. Necpalova, M., Lee, J., Skinner, C., Büchi, L., Wittwer, R., Gattinger, A., van der Heijden, M., Mader, P., Charles, R., Berner, A., Mayer, J, Six, J. (2018). Potentials to mitigate greenhouse gas emissions from Swiss agriculture. Agriculture, ecosystems & environment, 265, 84-102.
  15. Banerjee, S., Thrall, P. H., Bissett, A., van der Heijden, M. G., & Richardson, A. E. (2018). Linking microbial co‐occurrences to soil ecological processes across a woodland‐grassland ecotone. Ecology and evolution, 8(16), 8217-8230.
  16. van der Heijden, M.G.A. (2018) Portrait: Marcel van der Heijden. New Phytologist 219 (2), 496-497


  1. van der Heijden, M.G.A, Dombrowski, N., & Schlaeppi, K. (2017). Continuum of root–fungal symbioses for plant nutrition. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 114:11574-11576 | DOI 10.1073/pnas.
  2. Imperiali, N., Chiriboga, X., Schlaeppi, K., Fesselet, M., Villacrés, D., Jaffuel, G., Bender, S.F., Dennert, F., Blanco-Pérez. R., van der Heijden, M.G.A., Maurhofer, M., Mascher, F., Turlings, T.j., Keel, C.J., Campos-Herrera, R., (2017). Combined Field Inoculations of Pseudomonas Bacteria, Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi, and Entomopathogenic Nematodes and their Effects on Wheat Performance. Frontiers in Plant Science, 8, 1809 | DOI 10.3389/fpls. 
  3. Walder, F. Schlaeppi, K., Wittwer, R., Held, A.Y., Vogelgsang, S., van der Heijden, M.G.A.,  (2017) Community profiling of Fusarium in combination with other plant-associated fungi in different crop species using SMRT sequencing. Frontiers in Plant Science 8: 2019 (doi: 10.3389/fpls.2017.02019)
  4. Symanczik, S., Gisler, M., Thonar, C., Schlaeppi, K., Van der Heijden, M., Kahmen, A., Boller, T., & Mäder, P. (2017). Application of Mycorrhiza and Soil from a Permaculture System Improved Phosphorus Acquisition in Naranjilla. Frontiers in plant science, 8, 1263 | DOI 10.3389/fpls.2017.01263.
  5. Bender, S.F., Wagg, C., van der Heijden, M.G.A. (2017) Strategies for environmentally sound soil ecological engineering. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 32(1), 11-12 | DOI
  6. Prechsl, U.E., Wittwer, R., van der Heijden, M.G.A., Lüscher, G., Jeanneret, P., Nemecek, T., (2017) Assessing the environmental impacts of cropping systems and cover crops: Life cycle assessment of FAST, a long-term arable farming field experiment. Agricultural Systems 157: 39-5 | DOI 10.1016/j.agsy.2017.06.011.
  7. Stanley, C.E., & van der Heijden, M.G.A. (2017) Microbiome-on-a-Chip: New frontiers in plant-microbiota research. Trends in Microbiology 25: 610-613 | DOI
  8. Martinez-Garcia, L.B., De Deyn, G.D., Pugnaire, F.I., Kothamasi, D., van der Heijden, M.G.A., (2017) Symbiotic soil fungi enhance ecosystem resilience to climate change. Global Change Biology 23, 5228–5236 | DOI 10.1111/gcb.13785.
  9. Moll, J., Klingenfuss F., Widmer, F., Gogos, A., Bucheli, T.D., Hartmann, M., van der Heijden, M.G.A. (2017) Effects of titanium dioxide nanoparticles on soil microbial communities and wheat biomass. Soil Biology & Biochemistry Vol. 111, Aug 2017, P. 85-93 | DOI 10.1016/j.soilbio 2017.03.019.
  10. Jousset, A., Bienhold, C., Chatzinotas, A., Gallien, L., Gobet, A., Kurm, V., Küsel, K., Rillig, M.C., Rivett, D.W., Salles, J.F., van der Heijden, M.G.A., Youssef, N.J., Zhang, X.W., Wei, Z., Hol, W.H.G. (2017) Where less may be more: how the rare biosphere pulls ecosystems strings. ISME Journal 11(4): 853–862 | DOI 10.1038/ismej.2016.174.
  11. Wittwer, R.A., Dorn, B., Jossi, W., van der Heijden, M.G.A., (2017) Cover crops support ecological intensification of arable cropping systems. Scientific Reports 7:41911 | DOI 10.1038/srep419
  12. Hartman, K., van der Heijden, M.G.A. Roussely-Provent, V., Walser J, Schlaeppi, K., (2017) Deciphering composition and function of the root microbiome of a legume plant. Microbiome 5:2; DOI 10.1186/s40168-016-0220-z


  1. Schlaeppi, K., Bender, S., Mascher, F., Russo, G., Patrignani, A., Camenzind, T., Hempel, S., Rillig, M., van der Heijden, M.G.A. (2016) High-resolution community profiling of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi. New Phytologist 212(3), 780-79
  2. van der Heijden, M.G.A. (2016) Underground Networking: fungal networks transfer carbon between forest trees. Science 353: 290-291.
  3. Gogos, A., Moll, J., Klingenfuss, F., van der Heijden, M.G.A., Irinc, F., Green, M.J., Zenobi, R., Bucheli, T.D., (2016) Vertical transport and plant uptake of nanoparticles in a soil mesocosm experiment.  Journal of Nanobiotechnology 14:40 (DOI 10.1186/s12951-016-0191-z).
  4. Moll, J., Okupnik, A., Gogos, A., Knauer, K.m Bucheli, T.D., van der Heijden, M.G.A., Widmer, F. (2016) Effects of titanium dioxide nanoparticles on red Clover and its rhizobial symbiont. PLOS One 14:36 (DOI 10.1186/s12951-016-0188-7).
  5. van der Heijden, M.G.A., Walder, F., (2016) Reply to ‘Misconceptions on the application of biological market theory. Nature Plants 16062 (doi:10.1038/NPLANTS.2016.62).
  6. Moll, J., Gogos, A., Bucheli, T.D., Widmer, F., van der Heijden, M.G.A. (2016) Effect of nanoparticles on red clover and its symbiotic microorganisms. Journal of Nanobiotechnology 14:36 (DOI 10.1186/s12951-016-0188-7).
  7. Argüello, A., O’Brien, M.J., van der Heijden, M.G.A., Wiemken, A., Schmid, B., & Niklaus, P.A. (2016) Options of partners improve carbon for phosphorus trade in the arbuscular mycorrhizal mutualism. Ecology Letters 19: 648-656.
  8. Bender, S.F., Wagg, C., van der Heijden, M.G.A. (2016) An underground revolution: Biodiversity and soil ecological engineering for agricultural sustainability. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 31: 440-444.
  9. Cooper, J., Baranski, M., Stewart, G., Nobel-de Lange, M., Bàrberi, P., Fließbach, A., Peigné, J., Berner, A., Brock, C., Casagrande, M., Crowley, O., David, C., De Vliegher, A., Döring, T.F., Duponti, A., Entz, M., Grosse, M., Haase, T., Halde, C., Hammerl, V., Huiting, H., Leithold, G., Messmer, M., Schloter, M., Sukkel, W., van der Heijden, M.G.A., Willekens, K., Wittwer, R., Mäder, P., (2016) Shallow non-inversion tillage in organic farming maintains crop yields and increases soil C stocks: a meta-analysis. Agronomy for sustainable development 36: 1-20.
  10. van der Heijden, M.G.A., Hartman, M. (2016) Networking in the plant microbiome. PLOS Biology 14(2): e1002378 (12-Feb.2016).
  11. Pellkofer, S., van der Heijden, M.G.A., Schmid, B., Wagg, C. (2016) Soil communities promote species asynchrony and stability in experimental grassland communities. PLoS ONE 11(2): e0148015. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0148015.
  12. van der Heijden, M.G.A., de Bruin, S., Luckerhoff, L., van Logtestijn, R.S.P., Schlaeppi, K. (2016) A widespread plant-fungal-bacterial symbiosis promotes plant biodiversity, plant nutrition and seedling recruitment. ISME journal 10: 389-399
  13. Köhl, L., Lukasiewicz, C.E.; van der Heijden, M.G.A. (2016) Establishment and effectiveness of mycorrhizal inoculation in agricultural soils. Plant, Cell & Environment 39: 136-146.
  14. Köhl, L., van der Heijden, M.G.A. (2016) Arbuscular mycorhizal fungal species differ in their effect on nutrient leaching. Soil Biology & Biochemistry 94: 191-199.


  1. Walder, F., van der Heijden, M.G.A. (2015) Regulation of resource exchange in the arbuscular mycorrhizal symbiosis. Nature Plants. doi:10.1038/nplants.2015.159.
  2. Dorn, B., Jossi, W., van der Heijden, M.G.A., (2015) Weed suppression by cover crops: comparative on-farm experiments under integrated and organic conservation tillage. Weed Research 55: 586-597.
  3. Soudzilovskaia N.A., van der Heijden, M.G.A., Cornelissen, J.H.C. Makarov, M.I., Onipchenko V.G., Maslov, M.N., Akhmetzhanova, A.A., van Bodegom, P.M. (2015) Quantitative assessment of the differential impacts of arbuscular and ectomycorrhiza on soil carbon cycling. New Phytologist 208: 280-29
  4. Wagg, C., Barendregt, C., Jansa, J., van der Heijden, M.G.A., (2015) Complementarity in both plant and mycorrhizal fungal communities are not necessarily increased by diversity in the other. Journal of Ecology 103: 1233-124
  5. Wagg, C., Boller, B., Schneider, S., Widmer, F., & van der Heijden, M.G.A., (2015) Intraspecific and intergenerational differences in plant-soil feedbacks. Oikos 124: 994-1004.
  6. Cavagnaro, T.R., Bender, F., Asghari, H.R., & van der Heijden, M.G.A., (2015) The role of arbuscular mycorrhizas in reducing soil nutrient losses. Trends in Plant Science 20: 283-290.
  7. Declerck, S., Willems, A., van der Heijden, M.G.A., Varese, G.V., Turkovskaya, O., Evtushenko, L., Ivshina, I., Desmeth, P. (2015) PERN: an EU-Russia initiative for rhizosphere micro-biotech resources. Trends in Biotechnology 33: 377-380.
  8. Säle, V., Aguilera, P., Laczko, E., Mäder, P., Berner, A., Zihlmann, U., van der Heijden, M.G.A., Oehl, F., (2015) Impact of conservation tillage and organic farming on the diversity of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi. Soil Biology & Biochemistry, 84: 38-52.
  9. Dickie. I., Alexander, I., Lennon, S., Opik, M., Selosse, M.A., van der Heijden, M.G.A., and Martin, F. (2015) Evolving insights to understanding mycorrhizas. New Phytologist 205: 1369–1374.
  10. van der Heijden, M.G.A., Martin, F., Selosse, M.A. & Sanders, I.R. (2015) Mycorrhizal Ecology and Evolution: The past, the present and the future. Tansley Review, New Phytologist 205: 1406–1423.
  11. van der Heijden, M.G.A., & Schläppi, K. (2015) The root surface as a frontier for plant microbiome research. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 112: 2299-230.
  12.  Bender, S.F, van der Heijden, M.G.A. (2015) Soil biota enhance agricultural sustainability by improving crop yield, nutrient uptake and reducing nitrogen leaching losses. Journal of Applied Ecology 52: 228–239.
  13. Bender, S.F, Conen, F., van der Heijden, M.G.A. (2015) Mycorrhizal effects on nutrient cycling, nutrient leaching and N2O production in experimental grassland. Soil Biology & Biochemistry 80: 283 - 292.


  1. Köhl, L., Oehl, F., van der Heijden, M.G.A. (2014) Agricultural practices indirectly influence plant productivity and ecosystem services through effects on soil biota. Ecological Applications 24: 1842–1853.
  2. Verbruggen, E., Rillig, M., Wehner, J., Hegglin, D., Wittwer, R., van der Heijden, M.G.A. (2014) Sebacinales, but not total root associated fungal communities, are affected by land use intensity. New Phytologist 203: 1036-1040.
  3. Bender S.F., Plantenga F., Neftel A., Jocher, M., Oberholzer H.R., Köhl, L., Giles, M., Daniell, T.J. & van der Heijden, M.G.A. (2014) Symbiotic relationships between soil fungi and plants reduce N2O emissions from soil. The ISME Journal 8: 1336–1345.
  4. Wagg C., Bender S.F., Widmer F., van der Heijden, M.G.A. (2014) Soil biodiversity and soil community composition determine ecosystem multifunctionality. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 111 (14): 5266–5270.
  5. Grabmaier, A., Heigl, F., Eisenhauer, N., van der Heijden, M.G.A., Zaller, J.G., (2014) Stable isotope labelling of earthworms can help deciphering belowground-aboveground interactions involving earthworms, mycorrhizal fungi, plants and aphids. Pedobiologia 57: 197-203.

Selected papers (between 1998 - 2013)

  1. Pérez-Harguindeguy, N., Díaz, S., Garnier, E., Lavorel, S., Poorter, H. , Jaureguiberry, P.A., Bret-Harte, M.S., Cornwell, W. K., Craine, J.M., Gurvich, D.E., Urcelay, C., Veneklaas, E.J., Reich, P.B., Poorter, J.L., Wright, J.K., Ray, P., Enrico, L., Pausas, J.G., de Vos, A., Buchmann, N., Funes, G., Quetier, F., Hodgson, J.G., Thompson, K., Morgan, H.D., ter Steege, H., van der Heijden M.G.A., Sack, L., Blonder, B., Poschlod, P., Vaieretti, V., Conti, G., Staver, A.C., Aquino, S., Cornelissen, J.H.C. (2013) New handbook for standardised measurement of plant functional traits worldwide. Australian Journal of Botany 61: 167-234.
  2. Wagg, C., Jansa, J., Stadler, M., Schmid, B., van der Heijden, M.G.A. (2011) Below ground fungal diversity drives above ground productivity. Ecology Letters 14: 1001-1009.
  3. Compant, S., van der Heijden, M.G.A., Sessitsch, A. (2010) Climate change effects on beneficial plant-microorganism interactions. FEMS microbiology ecology 73: 197-214.
  4. Rinaudo, V., Bàrberi, P., Giovannetti, M., van der Heijden, M.G.A. (2010) Mycorrhizal fungi suppress aggressive agricultural weeds. Plant & Soil 333: 7-20.
  5. van der Heijden, M.G.A. (2010) Mycorrhizal fungi reduce nutrient loss from model grassland ecosystems. Ecology 91: 1163-1171.
  6. Verbruggen, E., Röling, W.F.M., Gamper, H., Kowalchuk, G.A., Verhoef, H.A., van der Heijden, M.G.A. (2010) Positive effects of organic farming on belowground mutualists – large scale comparison of mycorrhizal communities in agricultural soils. New Phytologist 186: 968-979.
  7. van der Heijden, M.G.A., Horton, T.R. (2009) Socialism in soil: The importance of mycorrhizal fungal networks for facilitation in natural ecosystems. Journal of Ecology 97: 1139-1150.
  8. van der Heijden M.G.A., Bardgett R.D. & van Straalen N.M (2008) The unseen majority: soil microbes as drivers of plant diversity and productivity in terrestrial ecosystems. Ecology Letters 11, 296-310.
  9. van der Heijden, M.G.A., Scheublin, T.R. (2007) Functional traits in mycorrhizal ecology: their use for predicting the impact of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal communities on plant growth and ecosystem functioning. New Phytologist 174: 244-250.
  10. Kiers, T.R., van der Heijden, M.G.A. (2006) Mutualistic stability in the arbuscular mycorrhizal symbiosis: exploring hypothesis of evolutionary cooperation. Ecology 87: 1627-1636.
  11. van der Heijden, M.G.A., Bakker, R., Verwaal, J., Scheublin, T.R., Rutten, M., van Logtestijn, R., Staehelin, C. (2006) Symbiotic bacteria as a determinant of plant community structure and plant productivity in dune grassland. FEMS Microbiology Ecology 56: 178-187.
  12. Cornelissen J.H.C., Lavorel S., Garnier E., Díaz S., Buchmann N., Gurvich D.E., Reich P.B., ter Steege H., Morgan H.D., van der Heijden M.G.A., Pausas J.G., & Poorter H., (2003) Handbook of protocols for standardised and easy measurement of plant functional traits worldwide. Australian Journal of Botany 51: 335-380.
  13. van der Heijden M.G.A., Klironomos J.N., Ursic M., Moutoglis P., Streitwolf-Engel R., Boller T., Wiemken A. & Sanders I.R. (1998) Mycorrhizal fungal diversity determines plant biodiversity, ecosystem variability and productivity. Nature 396: 72-75. 

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